Self-concept and self-esteem are considered to be the feelings and constructs that people experience in relation to themselves. Self-esteem is the evaluative and affective dimension of the self-concept Mann,
Psychology In the Oxford dictionary, the definition of learn is acquired skills or knowledge through study Wehmeier, However from psychology perspective, attitudes, emotional reaction and values are also acquired.
There have been numerous research under category of learning, where one of the famous ones is the social learning theory from Albert Bandura Ormord, However, there are many issues involved in this theory and also many supportive evidences as well as controversies.
There are three types of models for instance life model who are actual person, verbal model who are described by someone and symbolic model which is character in the book or film. Moreover, the process of learning can be affected by environment and mental-state.
Environmental reinforcement, for instance, the people around the individual or any third party and the punishment. Besides, internal reinforcement of a child play an important role in order to learn the behavior completely, such as, feeling, pride and satisfaction Kleinma, These two scenarios are then viewed by two groups of children each.
Retention is the second component, this is where the information observed earlier is stored into the long-term memory so that individual can recall it as the memory holds an important role for retrieve the information.
Subsequently after the retention, the third component is reproducing the behavior where the individual will perform the said behavior after they go through the observation with fully attention and the information that coded in their memory. However once the children were told that whoever imitated the action from the video would get rewarded, children showed the action aggressively from the video Kleinma, Here comes to the key factor, if the individual is rewarded for the new behavior they have learned, they will continue to perform it.
However, the said individual will probably stop to behave that way and feel demotivated when the punishment is carried out on him or her but individuals normally have high expectation to receive a positive reinforcement in their action Mcleod, Furthermore, they discovered some issues throughout this experiment where girls respond differently depending on the gender of model.
As boys were observed to be more aggressive than girls and they more likely mimicked same-sexed model Kleinma, Besides, criminology and televised violence is the main issue of the theory Isom, A case study proved that watching violent television program can lead to increased violent behavior.
Adults claimed that TV show that contain violence prompt them to commit crime and children started eye poking with each other after watching the Three Stooges Werner,as cited in Bernstein et al. The study compared two groups of juvenile boys where one of the group was exposed to a violent film and the other group is not.
As a result, the group which was exposed to non-violent group is more aggressive than the other group Isom, Therefore, Freshbach and Singer as cited in Isom, believed that television is not a problem for the children and it actually decreases the amount of aggression instead of increasing it.
Furthermore, biological theorist said that the biological state of the individual had been totally ignored. Everyone has different gene, brain as well as ability of learning, but the theory has rejected it.
For instance, when a person did something wrong or witnessed criminal case, he or she might has different responses Finley, This theory shows that imitative behavior from the point of view of instrumental conditioning in the early stage, one of the problems is new behavior learned by watching others behaved however it is understood that new behaviors originate from exist behaviors which are shaped and changed slowly as time progresses Kleinma, In short, social learning theory from Bandura highlighted that most of the human learn a behavior from observing others, especially aggression.
As the social learning theory cannot present well itself, therefore they modified it to social cognitive theory.Albert Bandura’s studies on human behavior and its influences resulted in the development of Social cognitive theory which answers the above questions.
Albert Bandura’s social cognitive theory puts emphasis on the social origins of behavior as well as the cognitive processes that influence the behavior and functioning of humans.
Bandura Theory Research Papers discuss Bandura’s research on social learning theory. Albert Bandura is one of the most influential education theorists to date. Research papers on Bandura’s theories are an inevitability for nearly all education majors.
Evaluation of Social learning theory In this essay, I will try to evaluate Social learning theory as originated by Albert Bandura. I am going to use three pieces of evidence, in a form of case studies, which have been done previously to support or contradict Bandura’s theory.
Bandura’s Social-Cognitive Theory The social-cognitive theory proposed by Albert Bandura () has become the most influential theory of learning and development. It considers that people learn from one another, including such concepts as observational learning, imitation, and modeling.
In this essay, the concept of Bandura's Social Learning theory are highlighted and explored in broad with links to the classroom context covering the different aspects of the process of observant learning as well as the different reasoning.
Social learning is also known as observational learning, it is a theory that explains how people are influenced by observing other’s behaviors, especially the aggression of children (Bernstein, Penner, Clarke-Stewart, & Roy, ).