Mushroom cultivation business plan india

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Mushroom cultivation business plan india

Cultivation of Mushroom has been in vogue for almost years. However, commercial mushroom farming in India has started only recently. Growing mushroom under controlled condition is of recent origin.

Its popularity is growing and it has become a business which is export-oriented. Today mushroom cultivation has been taken up in states like Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan, etc. Mushroom is an excellent source of protein, vitamins, minerals, folic acid and is a good source of iron for anemic patient.

Mushrooms are of three different types: Mushroom cultivation can be done at cottage and small-scale levels besides large-scale farming.

There are two main types of mushroom growers in India, seasonal growers and round the year growers. Both grow white button mushroom for the domestic market and export. The seasonal button mushroom growers are confined to temperate areas such as Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, hilly regions of Uttar Pradesh, hilly regions of Tamil Nadu and North Eastern hilly regions where growers take crops of button mushrooms in a year.

Also included in the seasonal growers are the growers from North Western plains of India who grow one winter crop of button mushrooms and sell it fresh. The main consumers of mushrooms are Chinese food restaurant, hotels, clubs and households.

In big cities, mushrooms are sold through vegetable shops. The growing domestic and export market as also the delicacy and food value provides extensive and good potential for cultivation of mushroom.

Technical details in mushroom cultivation: Spawns are readily available in the markets. If desired, the same can be produced and sold commercially.

mushroom cultivation business plan india

There are several mixtures for compost formation and anyone that suits the entrepreneur can be chosen. In synthetic compost wheat straw is supplemented with nitrogen nutrients, organic and inorganic. In organic compost, horse dung is added.

The compost can be prepared by long or short composting method. Only those who have pasteurizing facility can employ short cut method. In long method turns at regular intervals are required for a period of 28 days. For mixing spawn with compost any of the three procedures can be followed: Compost is divided into equal layers and spawns spread in each layer.

Result is spawning in different layers. Spawns are mixed with compost and pressed. A bottle of spawns is good enough for 35 kg of compost spread over 0.

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That is, spawn to compost ratio is 0. Trays are then arranged in tiers in the cropping room and covered with newspapers. Besides temperature and humidity mentioned above, proper room ventilation should be ensured.

Mushrooms prop up in days. These fungal fruit bodies appear in flushes and harvested when buttons are tightly closed. Cropped mushrooms can be packed for marketing.Vendors.

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A mushroom farming business can be mean big profits in just a few weeks. Plus, starting your own business growing oyster mushrooms for profit is fairly easy. which is the best business to start and grow in India.

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In mushroom farming business consider the environment for mushroom production. Different varieties require a different kind of environment. For example, the oyster mushroom has some basic environment requirement like temperature of 15 to 20°c, humidity of 80 to 90%, good ventilation, light and sanitation.

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