Humanism was, essentially, based on the study of the classics, both the Greeks and the Romans, and it was framed by Renaissance thinkers as a way of breaking away from what they thought of as the "dark ages" of medieval Europe. The Renaissance, particularly in its origins in Italy, was characterized first by a new commitment to the spirit of humanism.
There are many ideas about philosophers and what they do. Some have even considered the field to be a science that deals Renaissance thinkers logic and reason.
Either way, many famous philosophers have made their contributions known to the world through their writings and their students. Below is Renaissance thinkers list of the greatest thinkers of all time along with their most important theories about human nature and other ponderings of the world.
Karl Marx Famous For: In addition to espousing his own philosophies, he was also a sociologist, economist, journalist, and historian. Voltaire Famous For: He is better known under his pseudonym, Voltaire.
Voltaire was an advocate of some of the most basic freedoms, he believed in the freedom of expression, religion and voiced this through his witty writing. One of his favorite targets was the Catholic church. The field of ethics was the specialty of Socrates and introduced a concept that has been dubbed as elenchus, or the Socratic method.
He contributed much to the field of logic and epistimology. He also excelled in mathematics, logic, ethics, rhetoric, and religion. He founded the Academy in Athens.
John Locke Famous For: His part on the idea of the social contract theory was one he shared with Sir Francis Bacon. The likes of Rousseau, Voltaire, even American revolutionaries have been influenced by his writings.
He also offered the theory of mind wherein he states that knowledge is something you are not born with, but learn and experience. Simone de Beauvoir Famous For: Jean-Jacques Rousseau Famous For: General Will and the moral simplicity of humanity The political philosophy of Rousseau became the basis of the French Revolution.
His ideas not only influenced nations, his work is reflected in the modern thinking in regards to education, political, and sociological matters.
Two of his books, Discourse on the Origin of Inequality and On the Social Contract have had its effect on social and political thinking.
Adam Smith Famous For: His ideas in the areas of moral philosophy and economics have been studied throughout the years, and still is. Aristotle — BC Famous For: He was a student of Plato and teacher to Alexander the great. Nicomachean Ethics is one of the treatises that Aristotle wrote. He believed that ethics should be applied practically, not merely theorizing it.
Francis Bacon Famous For: In addition to being a philosopher, Bacon was likewise an author, jurist, statesman, orator, and scientist.
Gottfried Leibniz Famous For: Law of Continuity, Monads, and the Transcendental Law of Homogeneity Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz holds a special place in the annals of philosophy and mathematics.
As a mathematician, he refined the use of infinitesimal calculus. He also presented the Law of Continuity. Confucius BC Famous For: He was a voracious writer for which includes the Five Classics in Chinese literature.
He believed that proper moral behavior is best practiced, than morality being made a rule.To the scholars and thinkers of the day, however, it was primarily a time of the revival of Classical learning and wisdom after a long period of cultural decline and stagnation.
Florence: Renaissance Overview of Florence, widely regarded as the birthplace of the Renaissance. Renaissance man turned his gaze backward in historical time.
Not to his immediate past which he arrogantly assumed was "dark," but to the classical past of ancient Greece and Rome, which he assumed was bathed in light.
There he found a Golden Age. A detailed history of the European Renaissance including its art, archetecture, scultures and writers. The 18th Century proudly referred to itself as the "Age of Enlightenment" and rightfully so, for Europe had dwelled in the dim glow of the Middle Ages when suddenly the lights began to come on in men's minds and humankind moved forward.
of Renaissance and Mannerism Art Traci Willard Western Governor’s University One of the most influential eras of art is the Renaissance period.
The Renaissance period began around the fourteenth century in Italy. It continued and spread through Europe until the sixteenth century. This is a list of notable people associated with the Renaissance.