Robert Schumann — Biography Robert Schumann — was a German romantic composer and influential music critic.
Robert Schumann, like Mendelssohn and Mozart, wrote his symphonies at an age when most longer-lived composers, are just beginning to mature and wrote only a few truly great ones. After four years at a private school, the boy entered the Zwickau Gymnasium high school in and remained there for eight years.
He began his musical education at the age of six, studying the piano. In he came under the musical influence of the Austrian composer Franz Schubert and the literary influence of the German poet Jean Paul Richterand in the same year he composed some songs.
In Schumann left school and, under family pressure, reluctantly entered the University of Leipzig as a law student. But at Leipzig his time was devoted not to the law but to song compositionimprovisation at the piano, and attempts to write novels. In the summer of he left Leipzig for Heidelberg.
There he composed waltzes in the style of Franz Schubert, afterward used in his piano cycle Papillons Opus 2; —31and practiced industriously with a view to abandoning law and becoming a virtuoso pianist—with the result that his mother agreed to allow him to return to Leipzig in October to study for a trial period with Wieck, who thought highly of his talent but doubted his stability and capacity for hard work.
An accident to one of the fingers of his right hand, which put an end to his hopes of a career as a virtuoso, was perhaps not an unmitigated misfortune, since it confined him to composition. For Schumann, this was a period of prolific composition in piano pieces, which were published either at once or, in revised forms, later.
In Schumann had become engaged to Ernestine von Fricken, but long before the engagement was formally broken off Jan. Clara returned his kisses but obeyed her father when he ordered her to break off the relationship. Robert and Clara Schumann, lithograph by J. Hofelich The Bettmann Archive The mature years Schumann had by now entered upon one of his most fertile creative periods, producing a series of imaginative works for piano.
Schumann wrote most of Faschingsschwank while on a visit to Viennaduring which he unearthed a number of manuscripts by Franz Schubert, including that of the Symphony in C Major The Great.
In Schumann returned to a field he had neglected for nearly 12 years, that of the solo song; in the space of 11 months February—December he composed nearly all the songs on which much of his reputation rests: Clara had been pressing him to widen his scope, to launch out in other media—above all, the orchestra.
Now in January—February he composed the Symphony No. After this the orchestral impulse was temporarily spent.
In another new departure, Schumann in wrote several chamber works, the finest being the Piano Quintet in E-flat Major. He made his debut as a conductor—a role in which he was invariably ineffective—with its first performance in December of that year.
The first few months of were spent on a concert tour of Russia with Clara, which depressed Schumann by making him conscious of his inferior role. On returning to Leipzig he resigned the editorship of the Neue Zeitschrift.
In the autumn of his work was interrupted by a serious nervous collapse. From late to he and Clara lived in Dresdenwhere his health was gradually restored.
In he began another symphony, No. He had contemplated suicide on at least three occasions in the s, and from the mids on he suffered periodic attacks of severe depression and nervous exhaustion. His musical powers had also declined by the late s, though some of his works still display flashes of his former genius.
By a general deterioration of his nervous system was becoming apparent.
On February 26 he asked to be taken to a lunatic asylum, and the next day he attempted suicide by drowning. On March 4 he was removed to a private asylum at Endenich, near Bonn, where he lived for nearly two and a half years, able to correspond for a time with Clara and his friends.
He died there in Legacy As a composer Schumann was first and most naturally a miniaturist. Until after his marriage the great bulk of his work—including that by which he is best known—consisted of short piano pieces and songs, two genres so closely related in his case as to be hardly more than two facets of the same.
The song accompaniments are often almost self-sufficient piano pieces, and the piano pieces often seem to have been melodically inspired by lyrical poems. Even when the musical idea did not originate in literature but as a waltz, polonaise, or some other striking harmonic progression found at the piano by his improvising fingers, it was usually given a quasi-literary title or brought into relationship with some literary idea.
But another side of his complex personality is evident in the forthright approach and strongly rhythmic patterns of such works as the Toccata —32 and the Piano Quintet.
These two aspects are reflected in the two self-projections—the heroically aspiring Florestan and the dreamily introspective Eusebius—into which Schumann analyzed his own character and which he drew upon in an autobiographical novel, his critical writings, and much of his music.
In the field of the piano miniature and the pianistic song, he is a supreme master; in the simpler kind of lyrical inspiration and in the invention of musical aphorismshe has seldom been surpassed. He was uncertain in writing for the orchestra and relied too often on safe routine procedures; his string writing was pianistic; and his most characteristic musical ideas, which he had hitherto been content to fit together in mosaics or remold plastically by variation, were seldom suited for development on a large scale.Weber, Carl Maria von: Schumann: Kinderszenen, Op One of the most rewarding recording ventures of the s was Philips's volume Great Pianists of the Century series, which drew together historic material from a variety of labels.
The most. Robert Schumann: Kinderszenen Kinderszenen was one of the projects Schumann worked on during the spring of to get through a difficult period of separation from his fiancée, Clara Wieck, who was on tour as a pianist and whose father objected to the idea of her marriage to the composer.
Media in category "Kinderszenen" The following 21 files are in this category, out of 21 total. Robert Schumann - scenes from childhood, op. 15 - i. of foreign lands and feelthefish.com 1 min 52 s; MB.
Born in in Zwickau, Robert Schumann was a German romantic Composer of the 19th century. His main focus was the piano, an instrument for which he composed numerous feelthefish.comng piano lessons around the age of ten, Schumann never acquired the level of skill comparable to his contemporaries such as Frédéric Chopin and Franz Liszt or his wife, Clara Schumann.
Robert Schumann, sometimes given as Robert Alexander Schumann, (8 June ? 29 July ) was a German composer, aesthete and influential music critic. He is one of the most famous Romantic composers of the 19th century.