The majority of these processes played out over the long-term, but accelerated since the second half of the 18th century. Their effect served to construct coherencies out of diversity.
Can we call it nation?
Society turned the other way round Four steps into a new state order Parties developed and so did governance Brussels between Belgian regions and European Union Conclusion Bibliography Abstract Since the the situation in Belgium is embossed by a conflict between two cultural groups and recurrent political crisis.
Now an interim government controls the fate of Belgium until the next elections in March The future for the state seems to be very insecure: But it is more than a struggle between French and Dutch — it is a combat concerning culture, economy and politics.
Two parties are trying for decades to win the fight for force and influence and have now reached the climax. This work will give an impression how Belgium got there and where it might go. Introduction It is a small country in Western Europe — every day the media all across the European Union has to inform about the activities in the million-habitant land.
Brussels is the capital of Belgium and the seat of the EU. The country in the heart of the supranational construct has been one of the six founding members that signed the treaty of Rome in March of A lot of decisions have been made in the last months and years but since June 10th a national problem adumbrates the news about political decisions that concern the organisation and advancement of the EU.
On this day Belgium was demanded to vote a new parliament, the winner should have been called Yves Leterme, but things went different.
Two times the Wallon conservative cdH failed to form a new government, to make political decisions and to deescalate conflicts among the different parties. Finally, after days of crisis, the Flemish Liberal OpenVLD succeeded to form an interim government at December 19th that will work until March 23rd Now a coalition consisting of five parties and three ideologies tries to solve the prevailing political problems and the crisis of state and government.
The situation seems really unique in international politics because the state is on the one hand the centre of a more and more growing network that combines at least 27 states and might be still able to expand.
On the other hand it is a country with deeply rooted conflicts in culture, economy and identity. How could that happen? It is not expedient to talk about future and possibilities of Belgium without taking a closer look at the historical background and the social development of the country.
To understand the reasons for the current crisis this thesis will analyse the differences between Wallonia and Flanders and how the conflict has been built in social, economical and cultural matters and led to a political subject.
Whether Belgium is a trilingual state which also includes a small German speaking community this paper will only concentrate on the relations between Dutch and French speaking groups. The German language represents only one percent of the Belgian population and has almost no impact on the actions described here.
I also want to point out the special role of the Belgian capital and analyse its function in the national and the transnational context, combining and comparing them to the current events in Belgium. There are many who have prophesied the end of the state during the last years and so it is today: But it is not only the scientists who doubt a long survival of Belgium: Even the population — especially in Flanders — does not believe in a continuance of the state or rather do not want it to live on.
Not very serious but a fortiori the case of Gerrit Six shows the delicate issue between the Belgian citizenship and their state: The teacher offered Belgium with all its debts and the king at the digital auctioneer Ebay during the non-governmental time and got at least a bargain of 15 million US-Dollars Herald Tribune, December 16th, Using the term of the so called failing and failed states is normally associated to the African continent.
Indicators for the failing of a state are an unstable condition and breakdown of the sovereignty of democracy. I want to use this term carefully, because Belgium has just temporary lost his political efficacy and got it back with the interim government with its previous Prime Minister Guy Verhofstadt in a leadership position.
It has not been the first time for the constitutional monarchy without ability to form a working government. Before the latest vote the record of being without a government was days — that was in New York Times, November 7th, Moreover the average duration of a Belgian Coalition is about is 1.
The reasons and historical requirements of this development will be analyzed on the following pages to answer what can happen to the state of Belgium and if there is a chance for its further existence.
Scientific literature and newspapers often use the term of nation or nation-state to describe Belgium. According to him nation is an imagined political community that is inherently limited and sovereign p.
In fact Belgian citizens have a national identity but it is weak — compared to their local identities. The population is deeply connected to their towns and cities, strong integrated to their region.
Especially the Flemings have a strong own identity and solidarity to their vicinity. Flanders created his own national sentiments with the Flemish movement in the late 19th century. At the beginning just a small minority of idealists in the lower middleclass tried to fight against the French dominance in the kingdom of Belgium.
With their own language and by underlining a common history they created the basis for a new consciousness.Europeanization. Cooperation in what field is considered to be the main trigger of globalization?
What are some differences between realist and liberal approaches to globalization? (pp ) Realist - the international system is a system of sovereign states. States set the game rules for other actors.
It divides the state into two different parts and illustrates the differences, problems and conflicts between Walloons and Flemings. During the last century the two regions have distanced themselves from each other and isolated in a certain way.
Most of the European Jewish communities between the Rhine and the Pale of Settlement descended from those same Western European communities anyway. 'Sephardic' technically indicates adherence to a set of religious and cultural traditions that are different from those of European Jews, but in casual usage it indicates ethnicity or geographic origin.5/5(5).
Identify five factors that are contributing to the Europeanization of culture and identity across the continent. What does "Europeanization" mean? - 1. Log in Join now 1. Log in Join now High School. History. 5 points Identify five factors that are contributing to the Europeanization of culture and identity across the continent.
What 3/5(2). of an analytical tool to measure the scope and extent of the Europeanization of national public policies across policy ﬁelds, time and countries, as a means of improving our knowledge and as a starting point for explaining variance across policy ﬁelds, across time and, most interesting, across countries.
As for the difference between Europeanization and political integration, Radaelli (, p. 6) writes that the ‘latter concept belongs to the ontological stage of research, that is, the under-standing of a process in which countries pool sovereignty, whereas the.